While not cures for cancer, minimally invasive interventional radiology procedures are proving to be valuable weapons in the fight against complications from cancers, including pain, fluid buildup, bleeding, blood clots, obstruction of vital organs, and infections. At SIR, procedures are performed to dramatically improve quality of life for cancer patients.
Pain from Cancer. The celiac ganglion block
and superior hypogastric ganglion block
are procedures used by interventional radiology to treat pain
from cancer that sometime results from the tumor spreading into a
network of nerves and blood vessels. This occurs mainly with cancer of the
pancreas or stomach, and the pain is often debilitating. By inserting a catheter into the affected area and introducing an agent that destroys the affected nerves, pain is relieved.
Cancer may obstruct the normal flow of urine or bile, leading to fluid accumulation in the body that left untreated is not only painful but also can result in infection and even lead to organ failure. Several procedures, using a catheter guided by x-ray, are performed at SIR to drain the fluid buildup. Paracentesis
are performed to remove excess fluid that has accumulated in the body to improve comfort for cancer patients and, in some cases, to improve organ function.
- Paracentesis removes fluid from the abdominal cavity (peritoneal fluid), referred to as ascites. It is used for certain types of cancer, such as liver cancer.
- Thoracentesis removes fluid from the space between the lungs and the chest wall, called pleural effusion. It is used for lung cancer patients.
PleurX and catheter placement involves placement of a catheter to drain fluids from the abdominal area (ascites) or the lungs (pleural effusion). It provides relief from the painful symptoms of fluid buildup and stays in place to allow patients to drain these fluids in the comfort of their own 内蒙古快3s. This procedure is often used in conjunction with paracentesis and thoracentesis.